The leaves on the tulip poplar are turning yellow, temperatures go from miserably hot and humid to cool and breezy by turn, rains come and go. I was working in the garden and heard flocks of birds in the trees, you know, those really big, noisy migrating flocks. Ducks and geese have been flying overhead in migration formation and the bees are working hard at getting the last of the nectar of the year. Fall is almost here, with its cooler temps, crisp air and the smell of fallen leaves being crushed under foot. I love autumn, it is as wonderful as spring to me, my two favorite times of year. It also signals that it is time to get the last of my fall seeds in the ground so that we have a winter harvest.
This is our first year actually getting seed in the ground in time for winter. I have tried and tried, but it is often so hot and muggy that working outside is a major chore. We had a beautiful week of cooler temps that I took advantage of and got the ground ready and the first seed and plants in. Now it is time to finish the large beds of kale and mustard and root crops. I want to prepare some beds for garlic, move some blueberry bushes to ground the pigs prepared, and fix up a greenhouse so that I will be ready to get plants going for spring time. Here are some tips for your fall garden;
- Plant things that don’t flower and like cold such as carrots, lettuce, anything in the brassica (broccoli/cabbage) family.
- Its okay to use a slightly shaded area while it is still hot as long as the shade is from deciduous plants (ones that drop their leaves for winter). This is especially true if you live in one of the warmer zones of the nation.
- Plant with the purpose of covering the soil and restoring it. Cover crops of plants that correct nitrogen and provide green “manure” come spring should fill in any gaps; things like winter peas, winter rye, and oats are wonderful.
- Prepare snow protection plans if you want to harvest in the dead of winter; hoops tunnels, straw and cold frames provide shelter for more tender crops that will continue to grow with just a touch of protection.